From an early age Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville (1697-1782) was immersed in the study of
geography and cartography. He engraved his first map at age fifteen and produced many
important maps throughout his career. He became one of the most respected cartographers
of his time, continuing the French school of cartography developed by Sanson and
De l'Isle. He was also a classical scholar, with many of his maps relating to ancient geography.
Although he apparently never left the city of Paris, he had access to the reports and maps of
French explorers, traders, and missionaries. It was through his close association with the
Jesuits that he produced his first important map. This map of China, based on Jesuits
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